Traditionally, exercise programs designed to address physical frailty and falls have adopted one-dimensional approaches of aerobic exercise, resistance training, or flexibility training. However, research has shown that falls occur as a result of multiple risk factors, both internal and external, and the interplay of multiple body systems. FallProof! presents a multidimensional approach that systematically manipulates the individual’s internal capabilities, the goals of the task being performed, and the environment in which the task is performed. This approach has been field tested with considerable success by fitness instructors and rehabilitative specialists working in a range of instructional settings.
FallProof! offers the following benefits:
- Flexibility. Program participants can engage in group activities that take into account their individual abilities so that the program is not too easy or too difficult for them.
- Guidance. FallProof! illustrates the easiest and safest ways to present each of the program’s exercise components, addressing issues from safety concerns to the best ways to offer feedback to participants.
- Supplemental materials. Reproducible health, assessment, and safety questionnaires help program instructors gather crucial information and save time and energy.
- Results. The FallProof! program has been proven to reduce the risk of falling in participants who’ve completed one or more rotations of the program.
FallProof! is divided into three parts. Part I provides an introduction to the body systems that contribute to balance and mobility and common age-related changes occurring in each of these systems. It also identifies the multifactorial causes of falls and describes the common medical conditions (arthritis, joint replacement surgery, osteoporosis, Parkinson’s disease, and diabetes) and medications known to adversely affect balance and mobility. Part II provides suggestions on balance assessments and details the core program. And finally, Part III describes how to incorporate contemporary motor learning principles to foster optimal learning, develop lesson plans, organize the classroom environment for optimal safety and efficiency, and communicate with program participants.
FallProof! is a practical manual that blends the latest theory into practical applications. It will prove a valuable resource for physical activity instructors and health care professionals working with older adults in physical activity settings, and it will also be helpful for assessing and designing programs to improve mobility and balance.
Table of Contents Preface Dedication Acknowledgments Part I The Theory Behind the Program Chapter 1 Understanding Balance and Mobility Important Terminology Movement Strategies Used to Control Balance Multiple Systems Contribute to Balance and Mobility Age-Associated Changes in the Systems Contributing to Balance and Mobility Case Study: Ms. Jane Gain Case Study: Mr. Bill Divine Summary Test Your Understanding Practical Problems Chapter 2 Why Do Many Older Adults Fall? Multiple Factors Cause Falls Effects of Common Medical Conditions Effect of Medication Use on Balance and Mobility Are the Risks the Same for All Older Adults? Practical Implications for Program Planning Summary Internet Resources Test Your Understanding Practical Problems Part II FallProof Program for Improving Balance and Mobility Chapter 3 Screening and Assessment Why Screening and Assessment Matters How to Assess Older Adults With Balance and Mobility Disorders Summary Test Your Understanding Practical Problems Chapter 4 Center of Gravity (COG) Control Training Seated Balance Activities Culminating Activities Summary Standing Balance Activities Increasing the Level of Balance Challenge Culminating Activities for Standing Balance Activities Floor-to-Standing Transfers Test Your Understanding Practical Problems Chapter 5 Multisensory Training Forcing the Use of the Somatosensory System to Control Balance Forcing the Use of the Visual System for Controlling Balance Forcing the Use of the Vestibular System for the Control of Balance Eye-Head Coordination Exercises Summary Test Your Understanding Practical Problems Chapter 6 Postural Strategy Training Training the Three Major Postural Strategies Summary Test Your Understanding Practical Problems Chapter 7 Gait Pattern Enhancement and Variation Training Overview of the Gait Cycle Mechanisms Controlling Gait Age-Associated Changes in Gait Effect of Pathology on the Gait Pattern Gait Pattern Enhancement and Variation Training Summary Test Your Understanding Practical Problems Chapter 8 Muscle Strength and Endurance Selected Upper Body Strength and Endurance Exercises Selected Lower Body Strength and Endurance Exercises Selected Foot and Toe Strengthening Exercises Summary Test Your Understanding Practical Problems Chapter 9 Flexibility Training Selected Neck and Upper Body Flexibility Exercises Selected Lower Body Flexibility Exercises Summary Test Your Understanding Practical Problems Part III Implementing the FallProof Program Chapter 10 Setting the Stage for Learning Understanding the Stages of learning Introducing the Skill to be Learned Identifying and Correcting Errors in Performance Summary Test Your Understanding Practical Problems Chapter 11 Program Planning and Class Management Techniques Following the Initial Assessment Before Each Class Session During each Class Session Between Class Sessions After each Follow-Up Assessment Communicating with Class Participants Summary Test Your Understanding Practical Problems References Index About the AuthorAdd to product comparison